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Khachatour Abovyan

Khachatour Abovian, the great enlightener and founder of the new Armenian literature, the first novelist, was born in Kanaker (Yerevan), in an Armenian patriarchal family.

Very young, he witnessed sufferings of his people under foreign yoke and he made an oath “to live and die for the sake of the Motherland”. Ten years old, he studied at the Etchmiadzin religious school, then at Nersessian school in Tiflis.

In 1828, he was called upon to serve as a secretary of the Catholicos.

In September, 1829, as a member of the scientific expedition headed by German explorer Fridrich Parrot he was lucky to be among the first to step on the top of the biblical Mount Ararat.

Soon afterward, in 1830, upon the recommendation of Professor Parrot, Abovian gained entrance to the University of Derpt, Estonia.

Here, during six years of study, he was formed as a writer, poet and educational theorist of a progressive world outlook. He improved his knowledge of some European languages, studied works of famous writers and philosophers, made translations.

Enriched with knowledge, equipped with bright educational plans and projects, Abovian returned to his motherland and devoted himself to the noble cause of public education.

Beginning from 1837 in Tiflis and then from 1847 in Yerevan he worked as an inspector of the provincial schools. During these years his fruitful literary and educational activity acquired especially great scope.

He began to compile textbooks and school programmes, among them a unique textbook of the Armenian language “Nakhashavigh Krtutian” (The First Steps to Education). He was the first to educate the Armenian people with the help of the modern Armenian language (ashkharabar) understandable for common people.

On April 2, 1848, early in the morning Abovian came out of his house to go nobody knows where and mysteriously disappeared. Up to now the circumstances of his death are still unknown.

1948-1961, the Academy of Sciences of Armenia published the complete literary works of Khachatour Abovian, the forefather of Armenian fiction.

It was an encyclopedia including his poems and verses, novels and plays, fables and works for children, memoirs, historical and ethnographic researches, grammar and translations.

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Writer: Hasmik Muradyan
Editor: Eugenia Melkonyan
 Date Added: Saturday August 26, 2006 08:13:46 

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