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Aksel Bakoonts

Aksel Bakoonts (Akexander Tevosian), the master of short story writing, was born on the city of Goris (Zangezour). He was educated at a local school, afterwards at the Gevorgian theological Seminary in Etchmiadzin. Hi started as a librarian and teacher.

He translated a considerable amount of educational literature. His first writing, “The Fool Man” was published in the newspaper “Aghbiur” (“Source”, 1913).

As a volunteer soldier, he took part in the national struggles of Erzrum, Mamakhatoun, Ardahan and Sardarapat. He worked as a proofreader in a publishing house and newspapers in Yerevan.

He continued his study at Tbilissi polytechnic institute, the agricultural department, and at Kharkov agricultural institute.

In 1923 returning to Armenia, Bakoonts delivered lectures at Zangezour teacher trainings.

Three years later he moved to Yerevan and worked energetically as agriculturist. He headed the Armenian Relief society. During this period his first stories, “The Pheasant”, “Sabu”, “Alpine Violet” were published.

His literary journey was not an easy.
As a writer of national character he gained a number of literary opponents bringing grave political charges against him.

In summer of 1936 Bakoonts was arrested. Nearly a year later the court pronounced a verdict of execution. On July 8, 1937 the innocent writer was executed.

Aksel Bakoonts has published the collections of stories entitled “Mtnadzor” (Dark Chasm), “The White Horse”, “The Sower of Black Fields”.
“The Rain” written between 1924-1934.

Before that he had already published three lyrical writings, “Ashot”, “In the Forest”, “Prayer”.

Apart from stories he published also essays.
The writer entered the literary world not only with the impressions of Zangezourian world (which he called Mtnadzor) but with the tragic experience of the homeland.

“The Prayer” is a lyrical self-expression, a prayer to put an end to tragedies, to restore the displaced foundation of life.

Mtnadzor is a world of legends and fables, centuries old traditions and the unity of man and nature where the writer is stands and watches.

There is not a single story or an essay without the description of nature.
All his characters are equal children of nature, the woodman and the hunter, the herdsman and the harvest man, the sower and the cultivator.
Even the human communication is arranged by nature; people talk to each other like trees growing in the forest. This is the superior art of Bakoontsean silence of speech, a transparent silence.

This collection opens one of the main layers of the psychological tragedy of his heroes – the clash of the beautiful, the gentle and the harsh reality; the beautiful always faces the interference of brutal power.

In their core these stories reveal a sharp contrast between people’s harsh social and natural lives and their dreams for a more generous life.
From this view the stories “The Alpine Violet”, “The Humble Girl” and “The Pheasant” are of special significance.

“The Alpine Violet” is a portrait of poetic judgment of life (the painter), the dull seeking of historical pieces (the archeologist), the poem lost in life concerns and ignored by the environment (the cultivator’s wife) and typical Mtnadzor (the cultivator) acting together.

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Writer: Hasmik Muradyan
Editor: Eugenia Melkonyan
 Date Added: Saturday August 26, 2006 08:19:16 

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