For the first time in Las Vegas and the state of Nevada, U.S., Armenian language classes will be
After 2,700 years the walls of Urartu Castle have been unearthed in the Ayanis neighborhood of the
The Armenian National Institute (ANI), Armenian Genocide Museum of America (AGMA), and Armenian
Armenia was named one of the most religious countries in the world, a survey conducted by

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Culture / Timeline
2492.B.C....... Beginning of the Armenian old calendar

835-825.B.C. Foundation of Dushba (Van), Capital of the Kingdom of Urartu

782 B.C. Foundation of the Erebuni (Yerevan) by King Argishti of Urartu

590-585 B.C. Fall of the Kingdom of Urartu

585-550 B.C. The struggle of Armenia against Marasdan

521-520 B.C. The revolt of the Armenia against the Achamenid Kingdom of Iran

401-400 B.C. The retreat of Xenophon and the Greek Army through Armenia

334 B.C. Invasion by Alexander the Great

331 B.C. The establishment of Kingdoms of Armenia Major and Armenia Minor

312 B.C. The establishment of Seleucid Kingdom

240 B.C. The establishment of the Armenian Kingdom of Dsopk

220 B.C. Armenia Major and Dsopk accept the rule of the Seleucid Kingdom

208-188 B.C. Foundation of Yervantashat Capital of Armenia

190 B.C. Battle of Magnesia and the defeat of Seleucids by the Romans

189 B.C. Establishment of Ardashesian Kingdom in Armenia

180-160 B.C. Foundation of Ariashad, the Capital of Armenia

95 B.C. Elevation of Tigran II (the Great) to the Armenian throne

80-70 B.C. Foundation of Tigranakert the capital of the Armenian Empire

69 B.C. Lucullus, the Roman general invades Armenia and occupies Tigranakert

66 B.C. The invasion of Armenia by Pompey. Roman-Armenian Treaty

1 A.D. Fall of Artashisian Kingdom

64 A.D. Establishment of Arshakuni Kingdom in Armenia

111-140 Construction of Vagharshapat, the Capital of Armenia

298 Elevation of King Dertad III to the Armenian Throne

301 Adoption of Christianity as State Religion

340 Foundation of Dvin, the Capital of Armenia

361 Birth of St. Mesrob Mashtots in the village of Hatsegats in Taron

368 The imprisonment of King Arshak II in the Anhush fortress

371 The Battle of Tsira

374 Assassination of King Bab

406 The creation of Armenian alphabet

428 Fall of Arshakuni Kingdom

440 Death of St. Mesrob Mashtots

451 Battle of Avarayr and martyrdom of Vartan Mamikonian

484 The Treaty of Nvarsag

536 The first revolt of Armenia against Byzantine Empire

591 The second partition of Armenia between Byzantium and Persia

618 Construction of St. Hripsime Church

640 The first Arab invasion of Armenia and occupation of Dvin

643-652 Construction of Zvartnots Cathedral

661-682 Grigor Mamikonian, Governor of Armenia

703 The first Armenian revolt against the Arabs and the battle of Vartanagerd

885 Elevation of Ashot Bagraduni to the Armenian Throne. Establishment of Bagraduni Kingdom

908-1022 Ardzruni Kingdom in Vaspurakan

921-942 The construction of Aghtamar Cathedral by architect Manuel

948 Birth of St. Grigor Naregatsi

961 Foundation of Ant, the capital of Armenia

1001 The completion of Ant Cathedral by architect Drtad

1045 Occupation of Ant by Byzantium

1071 The Battle of Manazkert and the occupation of Armenia by Seljukids

1080 Establishment of independent Armenian principalities in Cilicia

1085 Liberation of the greater part of Armenia by the Zakarian brothers

1187 Beginning of Levon II's rule in Cilicia

1199 Coronation of Levon II, King Cilicia

1220 Elevation of Hetum I to the Cilicia Throne

1236-1243 Mongol invasion of Armenia

1281 Official confirmation of the Armenian patriarchate of Jerusalem

1344 Invasion of Armenia by Turkmen tribes

1375 Fall of the Kingdom of Cilicia

1411-1467 Armenia under the rule of Kara Koyounlou Turkmen tribe

1441 The re-establishment of the Catholicosate in Holy Etchmiadzin

1461 Establishment of the Armenian Patriarchate of Constantinople

1467-1502 Armenia under the rule of Ak Koyounlou Turkmen tribe

1502 Establishment of Safavid (Iranian) rule in Eastern Armenia

1512 Barzadoumar, the first Armenian book printed in Venice

1604 Deportation of more than 350,000 Armenians to Iran by Shah Abbas

1666 Printing of the first Armenian Bible in Amsterdam

1677 The secret meeting of Etchmiadzin for the liberation of Armenia

1699 The secret meeting of Angeghagot under the leadership of Israel Ori

1717 Establishment of Mckhitarist Order in San Lazarro Island

1725-1728 The liberation struggle in Siwnik and Karabagh under the leadership of David Beg

1749 Publication of "Haigazian Dictionary" by Abbot Mkhitar

1761 The negotiations of Hovsep Emin in St. Petersburg

1794 The publication of the first Armenian periodical "Asdarar" in Madras, India

1827 Tile occupation of Yerevan by the Russian Army

1828 Treaty of Turkmanchai. Establishment of Russian rule in Eastern Armenia

1829 The Treaty of Adrianopol

1829 Mass migration of Western Armenians to Eastern Armenia

1831 Official recognition of Armenian Catholic Community by Ottomans

1836 Proclamation of Polozhenic, the Armenian Church By-Laws under Russian rule

1839 Proclamation of "Tanzimat" by Sultan Abdul Mejid, promising civil fights and security to all the subjects of Ottoman Empire

1848 Official recognition of the Armenian Evangelical community by the Ottomans

1860 Adoption of the National constitution by Armenians under Ottoman rule

1862 Confirmation of the National Constitution by the Ottoman government. The revolt of Zeitun

1878 Treaty of St. Stefano

1878 The Congress and Treaty of Berlin

1879 The creation of "Secret Union of Upper Armenia" in Garin

1881 The creation of "Bashdban Hayreniats" Association in Constantinople

1882 The first demonstration against the Sultan in Garin

1885............... The establishment of Armenakan party in Van

1886 Publication of 'Hunchag" in Geneva. Beginning of Hunchag party

1890 Foundation of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation in Tbilsi

1892 Election of Catholicos Khrimian Hayrig

1894 First revolt of Sassoon

1895............... Introduction of the reformation plan for the Armenians in the Ottoman Empire by the major European powers

1895/96 Armenian massacres by Sultan Hamid

1896 Occupation of Bank Ottoman

1903 The Russian goverment attempts to confiscate the Church estates of St. Etchmiadzin

1905/6 Armenian-Tatar fighting in Baku, Yerevan, Nakhichevan, Kharabagh, Zankezur, Gonja and Tbilisi

1907 Death of Khrimian Hayrig

1908 Proclamation of Ottoman Constitution

1909 Massacres of Adana

1914-18 First World War

1914-15 Creation of Armenian Voluntary Brigades

April 24, 1915 Beginning of the Armenian Genocide. Armenian intellectuals and leaders arrested in Constantinople

1915-1917 Armenian Genocide

1915 The heroic resistance of Van under the leadership of Aram Manougian

1915 The resistance of Shabin Karahisar

1915 The heroic resistance of Musa Dagh and Urfa

1917 Following the February revolution in Russia, creation of special Committee liar Transcausasia (OZAKOM). Pans of Western Armenia liberated by Armenian and Russian fighters is declared as a separate region.

May 28, 1918 Following the heroic battles of Sartarabad, Bash Abaran and Gharakilise, Armenia declares independence.

1919 Official proclamation of united and independent Armenia

Aug. 10, 1920 Treaty of Sevres

Dec. 2, 1920 Fall of the Independent Republic of Armenia

1921 Popular revolt against the Communist rule in Armenia

1921 Assassination of Talaat Pasha by Soghomon Tehlirian

1930 Establishment of the Catholicosate of Cilicia in Antelias, Lebanon

1955 Election and Consecration of H.H. Vasken I, Catholicos of all Armenians

1956 Election and Consecration of H.H. Zareh I, Catholicos of Cilicia

1963 Death of Catholicos Zareh I

1963 Election and consecration of H.H. Khoren I, Catholicos of Cilicia

1977 Election and consecration of H.H. Karekin II, Coadjutor Catholicos of Cilicia

1983 Death of H.H. Khoren I, Catholicos of Cilicia

1988 Beginning of popular demonstrations in Armenia for the liberation of Artsakh (Nagomo Karabagh)

Dec. 7, 1988 Disastrous Earthquake of Armenia

1990 Parliamentary elections in Armenia. Formation of the national parliament Election of Levon Ter-Petrossian, President of the Parliament

1990 Adoption of the process of independence of Armenia

1990 Adoption of Tricolor as national flag of the new republic

1991 Adoption of "Mer Hayrenik' as national anthem for the new republic Armenia becomes an independent country lbllowing the overwhelming approval of a national referendum.

Oct. 16, 1991 Levon Ter-Petrossian becomes Armenia's first democratically Elected president.

1991 AT&T begins direct-dial long-distance service to Armenia

Nov. 11, 1991 Levon Ter-Petrossyan is inaugurated as the first President of the Republic of Armenia

1991 President Ter-Petrossyan meets for the first time with U.S. President George Bush

1991 President Ter-Petrossyan meets with Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney in Ottawa

Dec. 25, 1991 U.S. President George Bush announces that the United States officially recognizes the independent Republic of Armenia

1992 U.S. Embassy opens in Armenia, the first foreign country to set up a diplomatic mission in Armenia

March 1992 Embassy of the Republic of Armenia in Washington, DC opens its doors and Armenia becomes a member of the United Nations

April 1992 Armenia is the first of the former Soviet republics to sign a comprehensive bilateral trade agreement with the United States

April 1992 Armenia signs the Paris Charter of the Conference on Security and Cooperation (CSCE) in Europe thus becoming a member of the organization, which is a forum for European countries to discuss defense, human rights, and economic cooperation

May 1992 Armenia submits a formal request to the United Nations Security Councilto convene to address the conflict in Nagorno-Karabagh. The Security Council meets on May 12 and decides to send a fact-finding mission to Nagorno-Karabagh

May 1992 Armenia becomes the 163rd country and the sixth former Soviet republic to sign the Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund thus becoming a member of the organization.

June 1992 Armenian Foreign Minister Raffi Hovannisian attends and is a featured speaker at the North Atlantic Cooperation Council Meeting in Oslo, Norway, largely focusing on the need for an immediate cease-fire by Azerbaijan and Nagomo-Karabagh and international mediation to resolve the conflict through peaceful negotiations

1992 Armenia suspends its participation in the third round of the Preliminary Emergency Meeting of the Minsk Group, which had been convened by the CSCE to address the conflict in Nagomo-Karabagh. Armenia cites obstruction by the Turkish and Azerbaijani delegations in preventing consensus among the 11 participating countries and failure to find a way to allow the elected representatives of Nagorno-Karabagh to participate in the peace talks as the compelling reasons for its action

1992 U.S. Peace Corps start-up team arrives in Yerevan, Armenia's capital city, to begin setting up an official Peace Corps office and full-scale volunteer program in Armenia. Forty Peace Corps volunteers are scheduled to arrive in Yerevan on December 7, 1992, for a two-year stint

1992 Armenia is accepted as an Observer to the Non-Aligned Movement during its summit meeting in Jakarta, Indonesia

Sept. 10, 1992 Armenia becomes the 168th member of the Word Bank, under the sponsorship of the Netherands

1994 Catholicos Vazgen I passes away in Yerevan

1995 Election and Consecration of His Holiness Karekin I, Catholicos of all Armenians

1995 Election and consecration of His Holiness Aram I, Catholicos of Cilicia

1998 President Levon Ter Bedrossian elected for a second term.

1998 President Levon Ter Bedrossian resigns

1998 Robert Kocharian is Elected President of Armenia

June 29, 1999 H.H. Karekin I, Catholicos of all Armenians passes away in Yerevan

Oct. 27, 1999 Armed gunmen enter the National Assembly building in Yerevan and shoot dead eight members of the Armenian Parliament -- including the former Defense Minister and Prime Minister Vazgen Sarkisyan, and the Speaker of the Parliament, former Communist-era leader, Karen Demirchyan.

Oct. 27, 1999 H.H. Karekin II Nersissian was elected the 132nd Catholicos of All Armenians


Armenian pilgrims descend on Jerusalem in their hundreds
New Armenian Church on the banks of the Jordan River
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Sacred Geometry - Armenian Architecture
Armenia - Land of the Gods
Armenia Reborn - Modern Architecture
Architecture - first of the arts
The Architecture of Ancient Fortress Garny
Ghazar Parprtsi