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Armenia Reborn - Modern Architecture
A HIERARCHY OF VARIABLES
"A SYNTHESIS OF THE OLD AND NEW - TRADITIONAL AND MODERN -
IS MANIFESTED THROUGH THE FUSION OF
CONTEMPORARY ARMENIAN ARCHITECTURE."
- JIM T‛OROSIAN

After the Russo-Persian war [18261828] after the incorporation of Eastern Armenia with the Russian Empire [Treaty of Turkmenchay in 1828], favorable conditions were formed, promoting the progress of the material and cultural life of Armenia and the Armenian people.

This new phase of the development of Armenian architecture [particularly after turn of the century in the first half of the 20th century] corresponds to the period of Industrial Revolution, the beginning of the capitalist system and the initiation of town-planning and popular architecture.

A good example is an inscription on the facade of the Ararat [Yerevan] Brandy Company [est. 1881], which states the following "Here in 1827, the comedy The Discontent Mind, by the great Russian writer Alexander Griboedov was first performed."

Griboedov played an important role in the fate of Armenian people not only with his works but also his political ideas, promoting the fraternal Armeno-Russian friendship.

On the monument honoring this great friend of the Armenian people the following inscription reads: "To Alexander Griboedov from the grateful Armenian people".

The previous chaotic town planning (Yerevan, Alexandrople, Kars, Nor Bayazed, Goris) yielded to an urban policy with perspective plans and foundations.

The development was carried out according to general plans with houses bearing the strong architectural influence of neo-classicism, clearly identified by their rectangular layouts. The clay-built Ērivan [the old name of Yerevan], made of clay houses, flat roofs, squares, and unpaved streets gradually transformed into a town of stone and mortar, with crisscrossing streets that included multi-story buildings with beautiful masonry made by the talented hands of the Armenian master craftsmen.

The boundaries of the town extended; new living quarters appeared as streets and squares with rows of workshops, the sanitary-hygienic conditions of the town were considerably improved.

Alexandrople [Gyumri] became a typical town of trade and craftsmanship, gaining military-strategic and as well as commercial importance.

The development of market relations made it necessary to erect new types of buildings, including banks, hotels, shopping centers, industrial houses. The latter essentially changed the look of the towns.

This incomparably short phase came to be the starting point of that magnificent rebirth in Armenian architecture, which took place after the establishment of Socialist Government.

The decades preceding the liberation of the Armenian people from social and national oppression of foreign tyranny, had been the hardest years of nightmare, horrible deprivations and a national disaster of an unprecedented scale.

 
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Writer: Gevork Nazaryan
Editor: Eugenia Melkonyan
 
 
 Date Added: Saturday September 09, 2006 07:54:22 
 




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