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Armenia Reborn - Modern Architecture
The Turkish criminal government - emboldened by the fact that the Western governments will not intervene but will only issue "condemnations" without any concrete steps - decided to once and for all solve the Armenian Question by carrying out one of the most horrific events in all of human history - the first genocide of the modern era.

The monumental complex rising magnificently on the forestry hill of Tsitsernakaberd in the North-Western part of Yerevan is dedicated to this most cruel page in the history of the Armenian people and...Rebirth.

The twelve huge stone bents [symbolizing the twelve historic ashkharhs or provinces of Greater Armenia throughout which the Genocide took place] toward the Eternal Fire in the middle harmonizing with the neighboring sky-high Obelisk embodying the Renaissance of the Armenian people, is considered to be a stone elegy to the victims of the Genocide.

In the years of horrors of the Genocide, it seemed that there would not be enough stone in the rocky land of Armenia to make tombs.

"It seemed that an old mason would make the last tombstone with the inscription "Here... is buried ARMENIA...", but this did not happen.

Within the past seventy years, since the establishment of the Socialist Republic, the progressive Armenian forces have manifested their work through all socio-economic and cultural spheres, particularly greatly expressed in the flourishing architecture of contemporary Armenia.

By the invitation of the newly formed Government of the Councils a lot of eminent specialists returned to their Motherland from all over Russia and Western Europe.

Among them was the eminent architect and academician Alexander T‛amanian, who having been educated and cast by long years of hard work, had gained great recognition on the Russian scene.

The complete reconstruction of Yerevan as the New Capital began in 1924, after the general plan of the City was designed by the outstanding architect Alexander T‛amanian. In the initial plan, T‛amanian designed Yerevan for a population of 150,000 inhabitants.

"space should be regarded as architecture, and otherwise we shall not have any architecture". T. L. Wright. T‛amanian did so, while working out the plan. He drew the new plan of the City as a natural amphitheater - encircled by new Nork‛ and Sari Tagh districts with a picturesque view of the holy Mount Ararat.

"It is a complete well-built Organism, the elements of which are closely interrelated and deprived of any draw-back typical of city-planning. A city must have green-belt streets and gardens without any constructions which should serve as the "lungs" of the city", noted the great architect builder.

The renowned poet E. Charents seeing the light speed erection of the beautiful buildings and streets of the New Capital, with great pathos exclaimed - "He had a Vision of a Sunny City!" The quick development of industry and the unprecedented increase in population put forward a problem to the Armenian architects in modify T‛amanian"s general plan of the Capital in order to accommodate a city that has a population of not 150,000 inhabitant but that of 1,500,000.

Three major modifications of the Plan took place in 1938, 1951 and 1970 by a number of team"s of city planners.

Paying tribute to T"amanian the new generations of Armenian architects, in all revisions of the Plan, remained true to T"amanian"s main principles of city-planning and his important intentions have not only been preserved, but also have become a reliable town-planning landmark for generation to come.

For example, the Northern Avenue, that was in the original Tamanian plan made in the 1920s was began in the XXIst century.

Another important landmark, the huge architectural ensemble - the Cascade steps - leading to the Obelisk Monument of the City - were began in the 1970s and completed in the early years of the XXIst century.

 
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Writer: Gevork Nazaryan
Editor: Eugenia Melkonyan
 
 
 Date Added: Saturday September 09, 2006 07:54:22 
 




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