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Armenia - Land of the Gods
The wheel, the horse, the cart and later the chariot gave the much needed mobility and speedy transport that enabled the relatively rapid spread of culture and civilization from one place to another. The Sumerians had a complexes and advanced socio-economic culture of the time that was not matched for centuries.

The Armenid Sumerians (Shinar-ars) built monumental and colossal temples or ziggurats which symbolized the power and the glory of the Sumerian culture. The Sumerians in their quest for the best architectural types invented the arch, which became the focal point of traditional Armenian architecture for the millennia to come.

The great Armenian civilization of Sumer was inherited and continued to progress under the powerful Armenian kingdoms of Mitanni and Haiasa (ethnically and linguistically tied to their Indo-European kinsmen - the Hittites) in the Second Millennium B.C.

The Armenian legacy of Sumer-Hurrian-Hyksos heritage in the second millennium B.C. had already developed a rich architectural style. This in turn spread and influenced the nearby cultures of ancient Near East.

Building techniques and architecture as such reached a high degree of development during the period of the Araratian (Urartian) Kingdom of Van (XIIIth -VIth centuries BC).

The Armenians of Ararat built palaces and temples characterized by intricate friezes and interesting construction in the Capital - Tushpa (Van), Haikaberd, Toprak-kale and other parts of Ararat.

The culture of the Kingdom as a whole strongly influenced the cultures of the Iranian tribes and kingdoms, the Scythians, the Cimmerians and the Achaemenid Iranians.

The great temple of Musasir-Ardini, the proto-type for the later Greek columned (Doric) and later on Etruscan (who incidentally are regarded by some scholars of having connections to Ararat because early Etruscan culture bears striking similarities, perhaps strong influences, from Ararat) and Roman temples was one of the greatest achievements and advancements of the Kingdom of Van-Ararat.

They founded the fortress-cities of Argishtikhinili, Teishebaini, and Erebuni on the plains of Ararat. Argishtikhinili, was later to become Armavir, one of the greatest cities of the Armenian state, while Erebuni is now Yerevan (older form - Ērevan) - the capital of the Republic of Armenia (a small portion of Historic Armenia).

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Writer: Gevork Nazaryan
Editor: Eugenia Melkonyan
 Date Added: Saturday September 09, 2006 08:06:47 

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