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Armenia Reborn - Modern Architecture
Increasing housing construction in the Republic began particularly during the first five-year plan when the solution of this problem was the key problem for the whole country.

Not only separate apartment houses but also extensive Halls were built, as well as building complexes attached to industrial enterprises.

The efforts of the Armenian architecture during the years of the Great Patriotic War were directed towards the war effort and toward building important industrial centers. National patriotism was brilliantly embodied in numerous spring-fountain monuments, which were built almost everywhere throughout Armenia - symbolizing the great deed of the Armenian people.

Between 1920 and 1930, the general plans were laid out for many villages, towns and cities including Gyumri, Vanadzor, Vagharshapat, Hrazdan, Gavar, Armavir, Noragavit, Parakar, Upper and Lower Shengavits, etc.

These plans are characterized by effective searches for the solution practical appliance, improvements of life conditions, traffic organization, and other problems.

The solution of the housing problem in the republic was of social importance in those years. This was especially urgent for Yerevan and Vagharshapat [Etchmiadzin] where there were a great number of survivors of the horror of the first Genocide of the twentieth century.

The city of Gyumri, laying on the Aragats fault lines has been devastated by a series of earthquakes, including the destructive earthquake of 1926 and the even more devastating earthquake of December 7, 1988 which killed 25,000 and left 500,000 without shelter and work, cripling about 25% of overall Armenian economy and paralyzing the northern provinces of Armenia.

But the Armenian people, as they have done throughout history time and again, like a Phoenix reborn out of its own ashes, began to put the pieces back together, rebuilding and creating a new.

The creative searches in the 1950s led to a new method of applying the traditions of Armenian architecture, finding an outlet in magnificent constructions testifying to the majority of thought and high level of skill of the Armenian architects.

Standing proof of this is the construction of such houses as the Matenadaran, Central Committee of the Armenian Communist Party, the Central Market, the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of Armenia, the huge wine-cellar of the Ararat Trust, the Armenian Brandy Plant, the Byurakan Observatory, the Central Railway Station of Yerevan and many others.

These occupy an important place in the formation of the Capital"s layout being cornerstone creations of Armenian architecture. During the post-war five-year plans, many towns and health-resorts such as Gyumri, Vanadzor, Alaverdi, Artik, Kapan, Sevan, Dilijan, Tsaghkadzor and Jermuk were completely remodeled into new centers.

 
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Writer: Gevork Nazaryan
Editor: Eugenia Melkonyan
 
 
 Date Added: Saturday September 09, 2006 07:54:22 
 




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